Captain Alfred Dreyfus, falsely charged with espionage in a show trial in Paris. The trial inspires Herzl to write a book a year later...
Theodore Herzl: writes "Der Judenstaat", "The Jewish State" and calls for the creation of a Jewish State.
Basle, August 29-31, First International Zionist Congress. The Basle declaration [Zionist platform]; the World Zionist Organization is created.
At Basle I Founded the Jewish State
With the strong encouragement of Theodor Herzl, the Fifth Zionist Congress, meeting in Basel, decides to establish Keren Kayemeth Lelsrael (KKL) - the Jewish National Fund.